This Note takes the position that emerging collective scienter theory may bar courts from attributing liability for securities fraud under SEC Rule 10b-5 directly to a corporation. Recent developments under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act (PSLRA) seek to strengthen pleading standards in securities litigation by requiring that a plaintiff plead a strong inference of scienter on the part of a corporate defendant to survive a motion for dismissal. Federal district and appellate court decisions demonstrate the recent increasing support for collective scienter, a theory which allows a plaintiff to plead that one employee made a material misstatement while another had the requisite scienter. This Note examines representative cases applying the weak and strong forms of collective scienter and finds that each case misinterpreted the case law upon which it relied. Where case law fails to demonstrate the theory’s viability, comparative analogies to established legal concepts further call into question the feasibility of collective scienter. This Note contends, by analogy to the group pleading doctrine, that the strong version of collective scienter fails to comport with the PSLRA’s strong inference standard. Further, this Note finds that weak collective scienter’s expansion of standard corporate liability—normally attributed by common law agency principles—is unwarranted and unfeasible as a policy matter. Finally, this Note recommends a return to the application of respondeat superior in determining corporate liability.
Volume 91 - No. 5
- Note: Address Confidentiality and Real Property Records: Safeguarding Interests in Land While Protecting Battered Women
- The Missing Pieces of Geoengineering Research Governance
- The Moral Psychology of Copyright Infringement
- Of Mice and Men: On the Seclusion of Immigration Detainees and Hospital Patients
- Public Enforcement Compensation and Private Rights
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