By João C. J. G. de Medeiros. Full text here. Harmful pollutants are crossing the United States-Canada border as actors on either side of the boundary export environmental risk and harm through transboundary rivers. However, public international law has been unable to provide a remedy for the problem. Furthermore, efforts to address the problem in national…

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By Elizabeth M. Flanagan. Full text here. Trademarks are indispensable tools for businesses and consumers. Although the Internet serves as an efficient means for distributing trademark-related information, it nevertheless provides a platform that can reduce the value of trademarks. In particular, commercial domain name parking—the practice of registering domain names and setting up placeholder websites filled…

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By Michael Waterstone. Full text here. Civil rights laws are not self-enforcing. Enforcement mechanisms, therefore, need to be studied as part of the larger debate on the form and direction of civil rights law. The current decline of the ability of the private attorney general to fairly and consistently enforce our civil rights laws strengthens the…

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By Jonathan R. Siegel. Full text here. Professor Adrian Vermeule’s new book, Judging Under Uncertainty, argues that while no one can empirically determine whether any net benefits arise from judicial use of legislative history or other interpretive methods that go beyond simple enforcement of plain text, such interpretive methods do impose substantial costs. Vermeule concludes,…

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By Todd E. Pettys. Full text here. Nearly 150 years ago, the United States Supreme Court rebuffed efforts by the Wisconsin Supreme Court to free an abolitionist and an unhappy teenaged soldier from federal confinement. Since that point in history, it has been widely understood that state courts lack the power to grant habeas relief to…

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By Lawrence A. Cunningham. Full text here. This Article adds to the emerging literature on rewards to promote effective capital market gatekeeping. Capital market gatekeeping theory traditionally relies heavily on threats of legal liability for failure to perform legally mandated functions (along with a presumed constraint imposed by reputation effects). The ineffectiveness of many gatekeepers in…

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